Types of Security Guard Jobs in South Africa

The types of Security Guard jobs in South Africa encompass a range of responsibilities tailored to the South African society.

Some security guard tasks are mostly, if not exclusively, found in South Africa.

Responding to and reporting crimes is a daily activity for security guards in South Africa, but much less so in other countries. 

Types of Security Guard Jobs in South Africa. Control room operators

Security guards in South Africa are often the first responders to crimes, and they are responsible for reporting these crimes to the police. This often happens because the South African police are notoriously lax in responding to crime reports and visiting crime scenes.

Common types of security guard positions in the country:

Patrol Guard

Patrol guards play a crucial role in deterring criminal activities and safeguarding individuals and property.

Their duties include conducting security checks, responding to alarms, and investigating suspicious activity.

Patrol guards maintain a visible presence to discourage potential threats.

Loss Prevention Officer

Within retail environments, loss prevention officers focus on preventing theft and fraud.

They monitor customers and employees using various methods, such as surveillance cameras, undercover operations, and customer education.

Their aim is to identify and apprehend shoplifters, ensuring the security of the establishment.


Highly trained in self-defense, firearms, and first aid, bodyguards provide personal protection to high-risk individuals.

Their responsibilities encompass ensuring client safety and minimizing potential threats.

Bodyguards often accompany their clients to public events, travel with them, and may even live with them to provide round-the-clock security.

Event Security Guard

Events like concerts, sporting events, and festivals require event security guards to manage crowds and maintain order.

They play a vital role in ensuring the safety of attendees by conducting searches for prohibited items like weapons and drugs.

Their presence helps create a secure environment for all participants.

Fire and Life Safety Officer

Fire and life safety officers are responsible for monitoring fire and safety systems, conducting inspections, and training employees on emergency procedures.

They play a crucial role in preventing potential hazards and respond to fires and other emergencies swiftly and effectively.

Shop door security

Shop door security guards are responsible for preventing shoplifting and other criminal activity at retail stores.

They may also be responsible for monitoring security cameras and patrolling the store’s interior.

They typically work at the front entrance of a store, checking receipts and preventing customers from leaving with unpaid merchandise.

It is estimated that up to 80% of retailers employ security guards to inspect till slips and shopping bags.

This is likely due to the high rates of crime and theft in South Africa.

Boom gate security

Boom gate security guards are responsible for controlling access to gated communities and other secure areas.

They typically work at a boom gate, checking identification and preventing unauthorized vehicles from entering.

They may also be responsible for monitoring security cameras and patrolling the area around the gate.

Local government asset guarding

Local government asset guarding guards are responsible for protecting the property and assets of local governments.

They may work at city hall, libraries, parks, or other government facilities. Their duties may include patrolling the premises, checking for security breaches, and responding to incidents.

These are the main types of security guard jobs in South Africa.

Security guards are in high demand in South Africa

Due to South Africa’s high crime rate, security guard positions are in high demand.

These professionals protect people and property in various settings, including businesses, schools, hospitals, and government agencies.

Their contribution to maintaining security is essential for creating safe environments.

To pursue a career in security, it is important to take specific steps for preparation.

Firstly, completing a security guard training course is necessary. These courses typically last from days to weeks.

Upon completion you will qualify for registration with PSIRA.

While security guard jobs can be demanding, they offer rewarding experiences. Security guards make a tangible difference in the lives of others by protecting individuals and property.

If you seek a challenging and fulfilling career, a security guard position may be an excellent choice.

Tips for securing a security guard job in South Africa:

  1. Network with other security guards and professionals in the industry to gain insights and potential job leads.
  2. Attend security industry events and conferences to expand your knowledge and establish connections.
  3. Research security guard companies and agencies in your area to identify potential job opportunities.
  4. Apply for security guard jobs both online and in person to increase your chances of success.
  5. Be prepared to answer questions regarding your experience, training, and qualifications during job interviews.

With dedication and hard work, you can find a security guard job that offers both challenges and rewards.

Make a positive impact by joining the security profession in South Africa.